Research Paper on Epidemiology of HIV:
Epidemiology can be said to be a key factor of science to public health. HIV is an epidemic and a concern to the public health since it emerged back in the early 1980s. Since it emerged, there has been numerous research and development about the HIV both in the developed and, underdeveloped countries. HIV may be caused by a virus and its effect may be felt throughout the world.
HIV is a serious public health issue. Globally it is a significant cause of mortality regardless of age, gender or race. Though, there have been a number of developments on HIV there is no known cure or vaccine. People whom may be infected with HIV may be said to have (AIDS) the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV might be mainly transmitted through sexual . Based on data that might have been collected from animals, we see that the HIV establishes itself into the body after a given period of 72 hours. The risk of contracting the virus is higher on the male person who has not been circumcised. The risk also increases when there might be repeated exposure to the virus (Howard Libman, Harvey J. Makadon, 2003).
According to Paul E. Sax, Calvin J. Cohen, Daniel R. Kuritzkes (2010), they believe that, since the epidemic of the virus, there has been over 60 million infected people worldwide and a little over 2 million in the United States of America. The virus has resulted with over 20 million deaths worldwide and of the remaining over 40 million 95% of them may be living in the developing countries. According to statistics done we see that almost half of them maybe women and a little over 3 million might be children under the age of 15 years. Of the over 2 million living with the virus in the United States, at least half of them might have died due to complications brought by the virus….